Instrumental variables I & II

Read before class on Wednesday, April 8, 2020


  • Chapter 5 in Impact Evaluation in Practice1
  • Chapter 3 in Mastering ’Metrics2
  • “Instrumental variables” in Causal Inference: The Mixtape3

  1. Paul J. Gertler et al., Impact Evaluation in Practice, 2nd ed. (Inter-American Development Bank; World Bank, 2016),↩︎

  2. Joshua D. Angrist and Jörn-Steffen Pischke, Mastering ’Metrics: The Path from Cause to Effect (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2015).↩︎

  3. Scott Cunningham, Causal Inference: The Mixtape, 2018,↩︎